La primera de las resoluciones debatidas durante esta mañana por los y las participantes de la IV Asamblea fue aprobada por unanimidad. Daniel Cara, coordinador de la Campaña Brasileña por el Derecho a la Educación presentió la moción, como muestra el video a seguir:
Lea a continuación la versión final (en inglés) del texto:
Resolution 1 – ‘Public Financing and democratic ownership for an Available, Accessible, Acceptable and Adaptable Public Education’
The GCE acknowledges that:
1. The State is responsible for providing the necessary financial conditions for the realization of the Human Right to Education for All. According to the General Observation # 11 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), no State can avoid the unequivocal obligation to provide adequate financial support to education on the grounds that it lacks the necessary resources; for this purpose fiscal mechanisms shall be established to collect and allocate the necessary resources to sustain a public education service that responds to the integral realization of the human right to education, under equal conditions, guaranteeing its availability, accessibility, acceptability and adaptability for all. The same observation states that when a State clearly lacks the necessary financial resources and knowledge to “elaborate and adopt” a detailed plan for the realization of the human right to education, the international community shall have the clear obligation to provide assistance so that under no circumstances will education lack adequate public financing.
2. GCE should shift the primary focus of it campaigning on financing EFA away from donors and the aid discourse and towards domestic financing, tax justice and national Ministries of Finance. Although it is an outrage that international donors have failed to live up to the Dakar pledge to cover finance gaps, and thus have not complied with their responsibilities as spelt out by article 2 of the ICESCR, GCE will have more impact by focusing further attention in partnering with its members at regional and national level to hold national Ministries of Finance to account. GCE should also promote cross fertilization of learning on resources, processes and initiatives on financing of education among all regions..
The Global Campaign for Education specifically calls on States to take the following measures:
1. Increase the percentages of national budgets to be spent on education for all and put in place monitoring mechanisms that follow up on the effective utilization of these funds to ensure that they are used for the intended purpose.
2. Adopt just and progressive tax mechanisms in order to guarantee the necessary resources for the fulfillment of the Right to Education. Corporate taxation, other forms of progressive taxation and effectively monitored earmarked taxes for education should be looked at. It is important to draw learning from countries which have imposed specific taxes for education (such as India, Brazil, Korea etc) and to make strategic links with the Tax Justice Network and progressive tax campaigners in every country.
3. Challenge capital flight and intra‐company flows of money which contribute to tax evasion on a massive scale. GCE should seek to generate political will of governments to address capital flight and other issues contributing to tax evasion (for example, including greater regulation of tax havens).
4. Guarantee that the macroeconomic policies adopted are consistent with the realization of the Right to Education for all so that under no circumstances will the stabilization or macroeconomic adjustment programmes superimpose or prevail over the unequivocal obligation of allocating adequate funds for the integral realization of the Human Right to Education. The IMF remains an important focus for this work (especially during their 6 monthly missions to countries) – but we should maximise the pressure from below – holding Ministries of Finance to account for their submission to the failed ideology of the IMF.
5. Strengthen the public mechanisms of state finances, explicitly avoiding public‐private partnerships or innovative ways of financing involving private financing, which lead to absolving the State of responsibility in guaranteeing adequate resources to finance the Human Right to Education.
6. Refrain from resorting to financial mechanisms that threaten State sovereignty and its capacity to fulfill the obligations assumed with the realization of the Human Right to Education. In particular, avoid borrowing loans with conditionalities and refrain from resorting to burdensome indebtedness as the basis to finance public policies and among them, education policies.
7. Carry out adequate cost analyses to identify the amount of public resources which are necessary in each country to guarantee the realization of the Human Right to Education and, in this way, facilitate the public debate on how the lack of resources can be covered.
8. This also implies for multilateral and bilateral donors to allocate a greater share of their funding to supporting participation of local civil society in: social watch and budget monitoring, especially when significant aid contributions are involved; democratic decision-making processes regarding education policy development and implementation. Donor States and international institutions need to adopt firmer attitude against misuse and lack of accountability of funds allocated to realize the right to education for all.
9. Live up to their international legal obligations (see esp. ICESCR Art 2(1)) and pressure States with greater power of influence to challenge the IMF and G20 to change policies around macro‐ economics, tax and the role of investment in education.